Lives of the fellows

William Camac Wilkinson

b.1857-8 d.2 February 1946
BA Sydney MB Lond(1882) MD MRCS FRCP(1902)

William Camac Wilkinson, a native of Sydney, took a brilliant arts degree at Sydney University before beginning his medical studies at University College, London, where he achieved equal success, gaining the Fellowes gold medal and the Atchison scholarship, among other honours. Postgraduate visits to Strasbourg and Vienna followed his graduation as M.B. in 1882. He then returned to Sydney to become lecturer on medicine and pathology at the University, physician to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and physician to the ear, nose and throat department of the Sydney Hospital. In 1910 he settled in London as a consultant and, inspired by previous contacts with Koch, whom he had first met in 1884, he became director of a tuberculosis clinic in Nottingham Place and a leading English exponent of tuberculin therapy. Wilkinson, who had been awarded the Weber-Parkes Prize by the Royal College of Physicians for an essay on this subject in 1909, never lost his enthusiasm for it, although professional disapproval increased rapidly after the 1914-1918 War. In 1926 he published Principles of Immunity in Tuberculosis and, seven years later, Tuberculin, its Vindication by Technique. Indeed, the violence of his advocacy tended to obscure his merits as a teacher in other respects. He married, firstly, Jessie Cruikshank, by whom he had a son and a daughter, and, secondly, Dulcie Fry of Sydney. He died at Virginia Water.

G H Brown

[Lancet, 1946; B.M.J., 1946]

(Volume IV, page 442)

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