b.1543 d.1 August 1613
AB Oxon(1564) AM(1568) MB(1593) MD Cantab(1593) LRCP(1596)
Thomas Twine, MD, was the son of John Twine, of Canterbury; and was admitted a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 6th July, 1560. He was AB 18th April, 1564, and became probationer fellow of his college 9th November following. He proceeded AM 10th July, 1568, when, applying himself to medicine, he removed to Cambridge, and continued there for a time, but eventually settled at Lewes, where his friend and patron, Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, resided, and where he practised his profession with the greatest success. He was admitted MB at Oxford, 10th July, 1593, and shortly afterwards proceeded MD at Cambridge. He became a Licentiate of the College of Physicians, 7th May, 1596; but, as far as I can gather, was never admitted to the Fellowship, notwithstanding the intercession of his patron, Lord Buckhurst, and the decision of the College that he should be so received as soon as the statutes would permit. “1595, April. Ad instantiam honoratissimi viri D Buckhurst concessum est a Collegio, D Twine ut cooptetur in Collegium, quamprimum id commode potest fieri, juxta formam statutorum, et interea ut admittatur more permissorum, eo favore, quo hactenus excipimus sui similes.”
Dr Twine died at Lewes, 1st August, 1613, aged 70, and was buried in the chancel of St Peter’s and Mary’s Westout, in that town. A brass plate was soon afterwards fixed against the chancel wall, with the following inscription:
In obitum Clarissimi viri Thomæ Twynne,
Artium et Medicinæ Doctoris,
Quondam Socii C C C in Universitate Oxon.
Viderat Hippocrates extinctum funere Twynum,
Ossaque sub tenui pulvere tecta solo:
Nunc mihi pro morbis (inquit) curisque levandis
Istius ex sacro pulvere, pulvis erit;
Mortuus expellat morbos, in pharmaca versus,
Et cinis in cineros iste valebit, ait.
Quo minus hic superest medicus magis undique regnat
Morbus, et ultorem gaudet abesse suum:
Scilicet hic tegitur Twynnus, qui noster alumnus,
Heu jacet hic sæcli flosque decusque sui.
Orba suo Medico Sussexia languet, et anno
Hoc prope fatali quo perit ille perit.
Tam clarum ingenio Medicum (mihi crede) virumque,
Quem tulit hæc ætas, vix dabit ulla sequens.
“Dr Twine,” says Wood,(1) “was the friend of Dee and Allen, and was no less eminent in his time as an astrologer than a physician.” He was a voluminous writer and translator, but most of his works, being astrological, need not here be enumerated. He translated the 11th, 12th, and 13th books of Virgil’s Ænid to complete the work commenced, but left unfinished, by Thomas Phaer. This was published by Dr Twine in 1584, “and proves him,” says Wood, “to have been a tolerable English poet.” His strictly medical publications are-
New Counsel against the Plague. 8vo. Lond. Translated from Peter Drouet.
Physick against Fortune, as well prosperous as adverse. 8vo. Lond. 1579. Translated from F. Petrark.
[(1) Athenæ Oxon., vol.i, p.329.]
(Volume I, page 108)
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