b.20 October 1872 d.8 January 1953
MD Lond BSc Vict MRCS FRCP(1921)
Charles Melland, son of Frederick Melland, a Manchester surgeon, was educated at Manchester Grammar School and at Owens College, where he won the Platt physiology exhibition and qualified in 1894. He held a number of junior appointments at the Manchester Royal Infirmary — among them the directorship of the clinical laboratory — and at the Manchester Children’s Hospital, Pendlebury, and the City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest; and he studied abroad at Vienna and Graz. He was made physician to the Ancoats Hospital in 1901 and to the Northern Children’s Hospital in 1904. In 1906 he was appointed medical investigator for the Royal Commission on the Care and Control of the Feeble-Minded, and his report on the prevalence of feeble-mindedness and epilepsy in Manchester was published in the Royal Commission’s Blue Book two years later. In 1914, on his sixth application, he was elected assistant physician to the Manchester Royal Infirmary but was involved almost immediately in war work as a captain in the 2nd Western General Hospital. After the War he was appointed lecturer on clinical medicine at Manchester University. His promotion to full physician at the Royal Infirmary did not take place until 1929, three years before his retirement from the active staff. He continued his practice into old age and resumed his active connection with the Royal Infirmary during the Second World War. Melland was one of the first workers in the field of radiotherapy but his chief medical interest lay in haematology. He attributed the disappointments of his early career to "a certain independence" in his outlook. Mountain walking and lacrosse — he kept goal for the University 'B' team until well past his sixtieth birthday — were his favourite recreations, and botany and archaeology also claimed his attention. He married in 1906 Annie Dorothea, daughter of L. C. E. Gee of Adelaide, and had a son and a daughter. He died in Manchester.
G H Brown
[Lancet, 1953; B.M.J., 1953; Presidential Address to R.C.P., 1953, 19; Biog. Details left by Dr. Melland, in R.C.P. Library]
(Volume IV, page 576)
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