b.16 January 1889 d.13 December 1952
MC(1917) MB BS Melb(1911) MRCP(1922) FRCP(1929) FRACP(1938) FRS(1940)
Charles Kellaway was an Australian who worked in England for three periods of his professional life. He was the son of Alfred Charles Kellaway, curate to the dean of the Pro-Cathedral of St. James, Melbourne, and Anne Carrick, daughter of Richard Roberts, the son of a Welsh clergyman. From the Caulfield and Melbourne Church of England Grammar Schools he entered his local university with the Clarke scholarship in 1906, and within a year had passed the preliminary scientific examination with first class honours and the prize in organic chemistry. On graduation he gained both the Jamison prize in clinical medicine and the scholarship in obstetrics and gynaecology. Two years’ residence at the Melbourne Hospital brought him the post of tutor in physiology at Trinity College and then that of acting professor of anatomy in his medical school, but in 1915 he joined the A.A.M.C. to serve in Gallipoli, at the 3rd Australian General Hospital in Cairo, and then on the Western Front, where he was awarded the Military Cross. Bad gassing with phosgene made him unfit for service and indirectly led to the opportunity for medical research.
In 1918 he was sent to Medical Board work in London and was brought into contact with the department of pharmacology and biochemistry of the National Institute for Medical Research. Kellaway returned for one year to Australia as acting professor of physiology in Adelaide. The year 1920 found him again in London as Foulerton student of the Royal Society, working at the National Institute for Medical Research with the then Dr Henry Dale, and with Professors Elliott and Boycott at University College Hospital, until 1923 when he was appointed director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Research in Pathology at Melbourne.
In 1944 he was back in London as director of the Research Institution of the Wellcome Foundation. From 1947 to 1949 he was a member of the council of the Royal Society to which he had been elected in 1940, and from 1944 until his death he acted as its representative on the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. Active research and its direction had remained his main interest since his meeting with Sir Charles Martin, F.R.S., at Cairo in 1916. His work covered a wide range, but his special interests lay in researches on anaphylaxis, the effects of venoms, and the physiology of kidney function.
In 1920 he married Eileen Ellen, daughter of Dr Scantlebury, of Melbourne.
Richard R Trail
[Brit.med.J., 1952, 2, 1421-3 (p); J.Path.Bact., 1953, 66, [ix] (p); Lancet, 1952, 2, 1276 (p); Med.J.Aust., 1953, 1, 203-07; Nature (Lond.), 1953, 171, 107-08; Obit. Not. roy. Soc., 1952-3, 8, 503-21 (p), bibl.]
(Volume V, page 223)
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