Lives of the fellows

Percival Horton-Smith (Sir) Hartley

b.2 December 1867 d.30 June 1952
CVO(1912) MVO(1906) MB ChB Cantab(1893) MA MD MRCS FRCP(1899)

Percival Horton-Smith, who adopted the surname of Hartley in 1904, was born in London, the eldest son of Richard H. Horton-Smith, K.C, and his wife Marilla Baily. He was educated at Marlborough and at St. John’s College, Cambridge, graduating as B.A, with first-class honours in both parts of the natural sciences tripos, in 1889. He studied medicine at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital and in Paris and Vienna, graduating as M.B, Ch.B., in 1893. He obtained junior posts both at his own Hospital and at the Hospital for Sick Children, and his first assistant physician’s appointment was at the Metropolitan Hospital. He received the same office in 1899 at the Brompton Hospital, where he became full physician in 1906, and consulting physician in 1926, and in 1906 at St. Bartholomew’s, where he received the same promotions in 1920 and 1932 respectively. He delivered the Goulstonian Lectures at the Royal College of Physicians in 1900. Joint secretary to the advisory committee appointed to set up the King Edward VII Sanatorium at Midhurst, he was created M.V.O. in 1906 and raised to C.V.O. six years later; he was knighted in 1921. During the First World War he held the rank of major in the R.A.M.C.

Tuberculosis being his main study in medicine, Hartley was a strong supporter of the Frimley Sanatorium and of the National Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis. He helped to edit the fifth and sixth editions (1911 and 1921) of Douglas Powell’s Diseases of the Lungs and Pleurae, and made lengthy investigations into the expectation of life of consumptives. The wide range of his interests was shown by his article on The Longevity of Oarsmen (1939) and a learned work, in which he collaborated with H. R. Aldridge, on Johannes de Mirfield of St. Bartholomew's Hospital (1936). He was a man of broad culture, of reticent but humorous turn of mind, and of humane outlook. From 1942 to 1943 he held office as master of the Worshipful Company of Ironmongers. He married in 1895 Josephine, daughter of Lt.-Col. Joseph Hartley, D.L, LL.D, and had a son and a daughter. He died in London.

G H Brown

[Lancet, 1952; B.M.J., 1952; Times, 1 July 1952; Al.Cantab., iii, 272]

(Volume IV, page 411)

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