Lives of the fellows

James (Sir) Galloway

b.10 October 1862 d.18 October 1922
KBE(1918) CB(1917) MA Aberd(1883) MB CM(1886) MD Hon LLD Aberd FRCS(1889) FRCP(1897)

James Galloway was born at Calcutta, the son of James Galloway, a Scottish business man, and his wife Jane Hermina de Villeneuve. He was educated at the Chanonry Schools, Aberdeen, and Aberdeen University, where he graduated as M.A. in 1883 and as M.B, C.M, with the highest honours, three years later; he became F.R.C.S. in 1889. His junior appointments were at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital and the London Hospital, and in 1890 he was elected assistant physician to the Great Northern Hospital. Having specialised in diseases of the skin on the advice of Sir Stephen Mackenzie, he was, in 1894, placed in charge of the skin department of Charing Cross Hospital, an office which he held till 1914, being given assistant physician’s rank in 1901 and physician’s in 1906. At the same time he maintained his interest in general medicine; he lectured at Charing Cross on practical medicine from 1895 to 1906, on forensic medicine from 1901 to 1906, on materia medica from 1902 to 1907, and on medicine from 1908 till 1922, the year of his retirement to the consulting staff. He contributed to Quain’s Dictionary and Allbutt’s System of Medicine, delivered the Morton lecture before the Royal College of Surgeons in 1893, and edited the British Journal of Dermatology from 1896 to 1904.

Galloway’s achievements, however, were not limited to his success as a practising physician. He proved his abilities as an administrator when he was a member of the Advisory Board of the Army Medical Service set up in 1902, which did much to alter the character of the Service. Again, in the 1914-1918 War, he largely organised the Central Medical War Committee and settled the arrangements for apportioning doctors between civilian and military requirements. Then, after serving as consulting physician with the armies in France, in the rank of colonel, he returned in 1917 to take up the post of chief commissioner of medical services in the Ministry of National Service and introduced a satisfactory system for the medical grading of recruits. He was made C.B. in 1917 and K.B.E. in 1918. He was a Censor of the Royal College of Physicians. Among Galloway’s interests were antiquarian research, music and natural history. He married in 1898 Jessie Hermina Sawers, and had two sons and two daughters.

G H Brown

[Lancet, 1922; B.M.J., 1922; Plarr, I, 429]

(Volume IV, page 394)

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